The National Education Union (NEU) said it will consult its members in the autumn, “strongly encouraging them” to back industrial action if its dispute with the Government is not resolved.
The union said pay cuts and high workload were hitting teacher recruitment and retention, causing “real damage” to education.
It criticised the Government’s evidence to the School Teachers’ Review Body proposing a three percent pay increase for most teachers in England, which it said would mean a “huge” pay cut on the basis of Wednesday’s inflation figures of 9.1 percent on the CPI measure and 11.7 percent for RPI.
In a letter to Education Secretary Nadhim Zahawi, the union called for a fully funded inflation-plus pay increase for all teachers, as well as action on pay for other staff such as support workers, as well as measures to reduce workloads.
The minister was told that teacher pay has fallen by a fifth in real terms since 2010, even before this year’s increases in inflation, while their workload remains at “unsustainable” levels.
The letter says: “Alongside the decline in teacher pay in real terms against inflation, it has also declined in relative terms against earnings.
“Average teacher salaries are at their lowest level compared to average earnings across the economy in over 40 years.
“Teachers and school leaders often tell us that workload is their predominant concern.
“But right now, our members are telling us pay is a big issue too.
“The combination of unsustainable hours, the work intensity during those hours and ever-falling pay levels are damaging our schools and the young people we are educating.
“Teachers are looking at their working hours and their pay and calculating hourly rates, which are alarmingly low.
“The latest teacher training figures are very worrying; applications have fallen by 24 percent compared with last year.
“One in eight newly qualified teachers left the job in their first year of teaching.
“These young people have often finished a degree, then completed a postgraduate qualification.
“They are a great loss to the profession, but more importantly to the nation’s pupils who rely on their teachers to educate and care for them.
“You must respond to the new economic reality of double-digit inflation and the threat this poses to teacher living standards.
“We call on you to commit to an inflation-plus increase for all teachers.
“It is not good enough to only propose higher increases for beginner teachers (which are themselves likely to be lower than inflation).
“The current inaction from the Government on these questions is causing real damage to education and to our members’ livelihoods.
“We have to tell you that failing sufficient action by you, in the autumn term, we will consult our members on their willingness to take industrial action.
“And we will be strongly encouraging them to vote yes.
“We can no longer stand by while you run both education and educators into the ground.”
Teachers are warning of strike action Ben Birchall
The letter was sent to Education Secretary Nadhim Zahawi Stefan Rousseau